ナショナル・ホッケー・リーグ(NHL)入門

スポーツ / Sports

ナショナル・ホッケー・リーグ(NHL)は、北米を代表するプロアイスホッケーリーグです。毎年、スタンレーカップを争う世界的なスポーツイベントの一つとして知られています。NHLファンの方はもちろん、これからNHLに興味を持ち始めた方にも役立つコンテンツを提供していきますので、ぜひご覧ください。

The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional ice hockey league that represents North America. It is known as one of the world’s premier sports events that competes for the Stanley Cup every year. We provide content that is useful not only for NHL fans, but also for those who are starting to become interested in the NHL, so please take a look.

NHL誕生の歴史 / The Birth of NHL History

出来事
19世紀半ば現代のアイスホッケーの発祥はカナダのモントリオールでホッケーを氷上で遊んだことと言われている。当時は屋外の凍った池でプレイされていた。
(アイスホッケーの起源については、さまざまな説がある)
The birthplace of modern ice hockey is said to be Montreal, Canada, where it was played on ice after being derived from regular hockey. At the time, the game was played on frozen outdoor ponds. (There are various theories about the origins of ice hockey.)
1875年最初の屋内試合が、カナダのモントリオールで行われる。
The first indoor game is held in Montreal, Canada.
1877年ルールを整備し、地方紙上で発表。
The rules are established and announced in local newspapers.
1896年アメリカでも公式戦が開催。
Official games are also held in the United States.
1909年カナダでナショナル ホッケー アソシエーション (NHA)が設立。
The National Hockey Association (NHA) is founded in Canada.
1917年NHAの後継にナショナル・ホッケー・リーグ(NHL)が設立。
The National Hockey League (NHL) was established as the successor to the NHA.
1924 年ボストン ブルーインズが参加。それ以来、アメリカとカナダの両方のチームで構成。
The Boston Bruins joined the league, and since then, the league has been made up of teams from both the United States and Canada.
1940年代

1960年代
NHLにおいて、モントリオール・カナディアンズが10回以上の優勝を果たすなど、北米でのプロリーグの黄金期が訪れる。
During the golden age of professional leagues in North America, the Montreal Canadiens won more than 10 championships in the NHL.
1989年NHL本部がモントリオールからニューヨークに移転。
The NHL headquarters moved from Montreal to New York.

チーム

ナショナル ホッケー リーグ (NHL) は、北米のプロ アイス ホッケー リーグで、32 チーム (米国に 25 チーム、カナダに 7 チーム) で構成されています。
The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America comprising 32 teams—25 in the United States and 7 in Canada.

32のチームは現在、イースタン、ウエスタンの2つのカンファレンスであるイースタンに16、ウェスタン1に6へと振り分けされ、更に各カンファレンスはそれぞれ2地区に分かけられます。
The 32 teams are currently divided into two conferences, Eastern and Western, with Eastern 16 and Western 16, and each conference is further divided into two divisions.

イースタン・カンファレンス Eastern Conference

DivisionTeamCityArenaCapacityFoundedJoined
Atlantic① Boston BruinsBoston, MassachusettsTD Garden17,85019241924
Atlantic② Buffalo SabresBuffalo, New YorkKeyBank Center19,07019701970
Atlantic③ Detroit Red WingsDetroit, MichiganLittle Caesars Arena19,51519261926
Atlantic④ Florida PanthersSunrise, FloridaFLA Live Arena19,25019931993
Atlantic⑤ Montreal CanadiensMontreal, QuebecBell Centre21,30219091917
Atlantic⑥ Ottawa SenatorsOttawa, OntarioCanadian Tire Centre18,65219921992
Atlantic⑦ Tampa Bay LightningTampa, FloridaAmalie Arena19,09219921992
Atlantic⑧ Toronto Maple LeafsToronto, OntarioScotiabank Arena18,81919171917
Metropolitan⑨ Carolina HurricanesRaleigh, North CarolinaPNC Arena18,68019721979
Metropolitan⑩ Columbus Blue JacketsColumbus, OhioNationwide Arena18,14420002000
Metropolitan⑪ New Jersey DevilsNewark, New JerseyPrudential Center16,51419741974
Metropolitan⑫ New York IslandersElmont, New YorkUBS Arena17,11319721972
Metropolitan⑬ New York RangersNew York City, New YorkMadison Square Garden18,00619261926
Metropolitan⑭ Philadelphia FlyersPhiladelphia, PennsylvaniaWells Fargo Center19,50019671967
Metropolitan⑮ Pittsburgh PenguinsPittsburgh, PennsylvaniaPPG Paints Arena18,38719671967
Metropolitan⑯ Washington CapitalsWashington, D.C.Capital One Arena18,50619741974

ウェスタン・カンファレンス Western Conference

DivisionTeamCityArenaCapacityFoundedJoined
Central① Arizona CoyotesTempe, ArizonaMullett Arena5,00019721979
Central② Chicago BlackhawksChicago, IllinoisUnited Center19,71719261926
Central③ Colorado AvalancheDenver, ColoradoBall Arena18,00719721979
Central④ Dallas StarsDallas, TexasAmerican Airlines Center18,53219671967
Central⑤ Minnesota WildSaint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center17,95420002000
Central⑥ Nashville PredatorsNashville, TennesseeBridgestone Arena17,11319981998
Central⑦ St. Louis BluesSt. Louis, MissouriEnterprise Center18,72419671967
Central⑧ Winnipeg JetsWinnipeg, ManitobaCanada Life Centre15,32119991999
Pacific⑨ Anaheim DucksAnaheim, CaliforniaHonda Center17,17419931993
Pacific⑩ Calgary FlamesCalgary, AlbertaScotiabank Saddledome19,28919721972
Pacific⑪ Edmonton OilersEdmonton, AlbertaRogers Place18,34719721979
Pacific⑫ Los Angeles KingsLos Angeles, CaliforniaCrypto.com Arena18,23019671967
Pacific⑬ San Jose SharksSan Jose, CaliforniaSAP Center17,56219911991
Pacific⑭ Seattle KrakenSeattle, WashingtonClimate Pledge Arena17,15120212021
Pacific⑮ Vancouver CanucksVancouver, British ColumbiaRogers Arena18,91019451970
Pacific⑯ Vegas Golden KnightsParadise, NevadaT-Mobile Arena17,35620172017

記録

レギュラーシーズンは10月初旬から翌年4月上旬にかけて各チームにつき82試合(ホーム41試合、アウェイ41試合)が行われます。
In the regular season, each team will play 82 games (41 home games, 41 away games) from early October to early April of the following year.

試合は、同ディビジョンのチームとは各4試合、同カンファレンス他ディビジョンのチームとは各2、3試合、他カンファレンスのチームとは各2試合を行います。
The teams will play 4 games each against teams in the same division, 2 or 3 games against teams from other divisions in the same conference, and 2 games each against teams from other conferences.

NHLの様々な記録をご紹介。
Let’s see various records in NHL.

NHL現役チームのチャンピョンランキング (1915年から2022年まで)

Ranking of NHL active teams’ champions (from 1915 through 2022 season)

EA = Eastern Conference Atlantic
EM = Eastern Conference Metropolitan
WC = Western Conference Central
WP = Western Conference Pacific

TeamDivisionWinsLossesAppsWin %Season(s)
Montreal CanadiensEA2410350.7061916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1925,
1930193119441946, 1947,
1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955,
19561957195819591960,
19651966, 1967, 19681969,
19711973197619771978,
19791986, 1989, 1993, 2021
Detroit Red WingsEA1113240.4581934, 19361937, 1941, 1942,
1943, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1950,
195219541955, 1956, 1961,
1963, 1964, 1966, 1995, 1997,
199820022008, 2009
Toronto Maple LeafsEA138210.619191819221932, 1933, 1935,
1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942,
19451947194819491951,
1959, 1960, 196219631964,
1967
Boston BruinsEA614200.31927, 1929, 1930, 19391941,
1943, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1958,
19701972, 1974, 1977, 1978,
1988, 1990, 2011, 2013, 2019
Chicago BlackhawksWC67130.4621931, 19341938, 1944, 1961,
1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1992,
201020132015
New York RangersEM47110.3641928, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1937,
1940, 1950, 1972, 1979, 1994,
2014
Philadelphia FlyersEM2680.2519741975, 1976, 1980, 1985,
1987, 1997, 2010
Edmonton OilersWP5270.7141983, 1984198519871988,
1990, 2006
Pittsburgh PenguinsEM5160.83319911992, 2008, 20092016,
2017
New York IslandersEM4150.81980198119821983, 1984
New Jersey DevilsEM3250.619952000, 2001, 2003, 2012
Tampa Bay LightningEA3250.62004, 2015, 20202021, 2022
Dallas Stars[d]WC1450.21981, 1991, 1999, 2000, 2020
St. Louis BluesWC1340.251968, 1969, 1970, 2019
Colorado AvalancheWC3031199620012022
Los Angeles KingsWP2130.6671993, 20122014
Calgary FlamesWP1230.3331986, 1989, 2004
Vancouver CanucksWP03301982, 1994, 2011
Carolina HurricanesEM1120.52002, 2006
Anaheim Ducks[e]WP1120.52003, 2007
Washington CapitalsEM1120.51998, 2018
Buffalo SabresEA02201975, 1999
Florida PanthersEA01101996
Ottawa SenatorsEA01102007
San Jose SharksWP01102016
Nashville PredatorsWC01102017
Vegas Golden KnightsWP01102018
Columbus Blue JacketsEM0000
Arizona CoyotesWC0000
Minnesota WildWC0000
Winnipeg JetsWC0000
Seattle KrakenWP0000

1試合平均得点ランキング (2022年まで)

Highest Points Per Game, Career Ranking (Through 2022 season)

RANKPlayerYearsSeasonsGames PlayedGoalsAssistsPointsGoal/GameAssists/GamePoints/Game
1Wayne Gretzky1977/78-1998/99221,4878941,9632,8570.61.321.92
2Mario Lemieux1984/85-1993/94,
1995/96-1996/97,
2000/01-2005/06
189156901,0331,7230.751.131.88
3Mike Bossy1977/78-1986/87107525735531,1260.760.741.5
4Connor McDavid2015/16-2022/2385422815157960.520.951.47
5Bobby Orr1966/67-1976/77,
1978/79
126572706459150.410.981.39
6Marcel Dionne1971/72-1988/89181,3487311,0401,7710.540.771.31
7Sidney Crosby2005/06-2022/23181,1615419331,4740.470.81.27
8Peter Stastny1980/81-1994/95159774507891,2390.460.811.27
9Peter Forsberg1994/95-2000/02,
2002/03-2003/04,
2005/06-2007/08,
2010/11
137082496368850.350.91.25
10Kent Nilsson1979/80-1986/86,
1994/95
95532644226860.48  

お金事情

2022年、各NHLチームの年俸総額

The 2022 salary cap totals for each NHL team

サラリーキャップ(Salary cap)とは、各プロスポーツチームが、所属する選手に支払う年俸総額、あるいはチームの総予算を、毎年リーグ全体の収入に基づいて上限金額を調整し、規定する制度です。
In professional sports, a salary cap is an agreement or rule that places a limit on the amount of money that a team can spend on players’ salaries or the total budget of the team, based on the income of the entire league every year.

EA = Eastern Conference Atlantic
EM = Eastern Conference Metropolitan
WC = Western Conference Central
WP = Western Conference Pacific

RANKTEAMDIVISIONACTIVE PLAYERSAVG AGEEST. TOTAL CAP(USD)
1New York RangersEM21/2326.784,785,132
2Seattle KrakenWC23/2327.882,721,432
3New Jersey DevilsEM23/2325.882,500,000
4Pittsburgh PenguinsEM23/2330.382,500,000
5Boston BruinsEA22/2328.882,500,000
6Tampa Bay LightningEA22/2329.382,500,000
7San Jose SharksWC21/2328.782,500,000
8Columbus Blue JacketsEM22/2325.282,500,000
9Vegas Golden KnightsWC23/232882,500,000
10Colorado AvalancheWC22/2327.982,475,000
11Washington CapitalsEM23/2329.782,400,000
12Carolina HurricanesEM21/2328.782,387,500
13Toronto Maple LeafsEA23/2327.482,287,500
14Philadelphia FlyersEM22/2326.382,205,000
15Dallas StarsWC21/232881,965,353
16Florida PanthersEA23/2327.181,862,500
17Edmonton OilersWC21/232781,604,000
18St Louis BluesWC23/2328.581,400,000
19Montreal CanadiensEA23/2326.981,367,500
20Vancouver CanucksWC23/2326.181,250,000
21Calgary FlamesWC23/2328.681,133,469
22Los Angeles KingsWC21/2327.280,499,441
23Winnipeg JetsWC23/2327.680,161,051
24New York IslandersEM23/2328.580,159,362
25Nashville PredatorsWC23/2327.779,963,830
26Ottawa SenatorsEA21/232679,303,055
27Minnesota WildWC22/2328.278,713,430
28Chicago BlackhawksWC23/2326.877,263,502
29Detroit Red WingsEA21/2326.574,925,290
30Anaheim DucksWC23/2327.769,005,031
31Arizona CoyotesWC23/232664,210,136
32Buffalo SabresEA23/2325.463,562,076

NHL選手の生涯年俸ベスト10 (2022年まで)

This is a ranking for NHL Player’s total earnings (Through 2022)

RankPlayerYearsSeasonsTotal Earnings
1Sidney Crosby2005/06-2022/2318$149,890,244
2Alex Ovechkin2005/06-2022/2318$138,220,893
3Jaromir Jagr1990/91-2017/1825$135,382,322
4Evgeni Malkin2006/07-2022/2317$135,270,893
5Shea Weber2005/06-2022/2318$129,831,000
6Vincent Lecavalier1998/99-2022/2325$126,335,718
7Anze Kopitar2005/06-2022/2318$122,250,000
8Patrick Kane2007/08-2022/2316$115,637,195
9Chris Pronger1993/94-2016/1723$113,950,000
10Ryan Suter2005/06-2022/2318$112,492,666

まとめ / Summary

NHLは、アイスホッケーの世界的な代表リーグであり、世界中のファンを魅了しています。カナダとアメリカ合衆国の両方からのチームで構成され、毎年、世界最高峰のプロアイスホッケー選手たちがスタンレーカップを目指して戦います。NHLをまだ観たことがない方は、ぜひ一度、観戦してみることをおすすめします!

The NHL is the premier international league of ice hockey, captivating fans worldwide. Composed of teams from both Canada and the United States, the league features the world’s top professional ice hockey players who compete annually for the Stanley Cup. For those who have yet to experience NHL, we highly recommend watching a game and seeing the excitement for yourself!

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